Síndrome del estrés de traslado en estudiantes de Enfermería

  1. García Padilla, Francisca María
  2. Camacho Bejarano, Rafaela
  3. Rodríguez Pérez, Margarita
  4. Cayetano Matamoros, Eva
Metas de enfermería

ISSN: 1138-7262

Year of publication: 2013

Volume: 16

Issue: 10

Type: Article

More publications in: Metas de enfermería


Leaving home to start a university career may be considered a potential source of stress, described by NANDA as �Relocation Stress Syndrome� (RSS). Objective: to determine the prevalence of RSS in Nursing Degree students, and its relationship with socio-demographic factors, social support and personal development. Method: a descriptive study was conducted with students in the first year of their Nursing degree in the Universidad de Huelva, classified according to their having to move in order to study. A questionnaire was applied, which collects RSS indicators grouped into ten different dimensions, and the indicators for the rest of variables. Minimal and maximum scores were established for each dimension, and the cut-off point was determined in order to assign the RSS diagnostic label. Results: information was obtained from 111 students (69 moves), with a 1.45% prevalence of RSS. The most altered dimensions were sleep pattern (91.9%), difficulties in concentration (91.2%) and eating pattern (73.9%). There were significant differences between the score in the RSS scale and gender (F= 5.92, p< 0.018), the self-perception of health (F= 4.26, p< 0.018) and personality characteristics (F= 1.82; p< 0.043). Significant differences were also observed in some of the general stress indicators between students who had moved and those living at the family home. Conclusions: overall, the prevalence of RSS is very low; but altered indicators can be observed with high frequency, which allow identifying the relocation situation as a source of discomfort for students.

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