Evolución de la vegetación en el contexto geoarqueológico de la ensenada colombina de Palos (Palos de la Frontera, Huelva)

  1. B. Ruiz-Zapata 2
  2. M.J. Gil García 2
  3. J. Campos 1
  4. P. Gómez 1
  5. J. Rodríguez-Vidal 1
  6. L.M. Cáceres 1
  7. J. Bermejo 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Huelva

    Universidad de Huelva

    Huelva, España

    ROR https://ror.org/03a1kt624

  2. 2 Universidad de Alcalá

    Universidad de Alcalá

    Alcalá de Henares, España

    ROR https://ror.org/04pmn0e78

Geotemas (Madrid)

ISSN: 1576-5172

Year of publication: 2016


Issue: 16

Pages: 403-406

Type: Article

More publications in: Geotemas (Madrid)


This work presents the results of the PR-2 core palynological record analysis in the geoarchaeological context of the Palos Columbian Bay (Palos de la Frontera). The observed vegetation communities respond to relatively dry Mediterranean climate conditions. Changes along the sequence point towards human intervention in this environment through: 1) deforestation (essentially holm oak and pine forest); 2) the use of these new open lands for farming purposes (increase of nitrophilic plants); and 3) the cultivation and/or empowerment of the olive tree. Altogether, climate and anthropic activities controlled the sedimentary evolution of the area that ended with the cove infilling. This change has been recorded in the decrease of the riverine taxa pollen levels and the consequent increase of the aquatic plants associated to flooded areas.