Las transiciones de los jóvenes ni-ni en un contexto de crisis socioeconómica: repercusiones familiares, educativas, laborales y políticas

  1. Juan García Fuentes
unter der Leitung von:
  1. Miguel A. Pereyra Doktorvater/Doktormutter
  2. María Magdalena Jiménez Ramírez Doktorvater/Doktormutter

Universität der Verteidigung: Universidad de Granada

Fecha de defensa: 19 von Mai von 2020

Gericht:
  1. Juan Carlos González Faraco Präsident
  2. Mónica Torres Sánchez Sekretär/in
  3. Leoncio Vega Gil Vocal
  4. Rocío Lorente García Vocal
  5. Anselmo R. Paolone Vocal

Art: Dissertation

Zusammenfassung

One of the most significant conclusions of this research is that the NEET label is a perverse indicator focussing on the differing structures of education and employment, so that the attempt to blame young people in the situation they adopt during their different transitions can be said to have failed. The term NEET does not, therefore, reflect the diversity of characteristics presented by young people in the course of their biographies. Moreover, in the description in question here, it is inevitable to consider that, in the struggle to resolve the fragmentation of young profiles in an unstable educational and employment situation, one cannot act with a single policy that does not assimilate the heterogeneity of particularities presented by young people in their transitions into adult life. The profiles of young NEET present such a variety of widely differing realities that they require political action aimed at the origin of the problem. Examples are the anomic NEET, the strategic NEET, the waiting NEET, the precarious NEET, NEET with health problems, the hidden NEET and NEET with domestic problems. Each of these profiles indicate that being young should not be considered as a homogeneous condition, but quite the opposite, and is marked by the diversity of characteristics that makes each different to the rest. In other words, instead of speaking of young NEET, we could refer to “mirror-like youth” who reflect a social reality with no real opportunities for independent life, where responsibilities do not fall on them directly, but reveal the difficulties they confront in order to achieve a solid life. The weight of this youth context now falls on the institutions that have so far been unable to tackle and solve this scenario of lack of social, educational and, above all, employment guarantees. To conclude, this study presents the limitations found in the design of research, future prospects and political actions meant to tackle these problems and offer solutions contributing to the improvement of society in general and its citizens in particular