Primera aproximación al estudio de la actividad fisiológica en Quercus suber con alta presencia de Cerambyx welensi Küster

  1. Sánchez Osorio, I. 1
  2. López Pantoja, G. 1
  3. Tapias, R. 1
  4. Pareja Sánchez, E. 1
  5. Domínguez, L. 1
  1. 1 Departamento de Ciencias Agroforestales, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería, Universidad de Huelva
Journal:
Cuadernos de la Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales

ISSN: 1575-2410 2386-8368

Year of publication: 2020

Issue: 46

Pages: 57-70

Type: Article

DOI: 10.31167/CSECFV0I46.19894 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: Cuadernos de la Sociedad Española de Ciencias Forestales

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Abstract

The incidence of Cerambyx welensii on Quercus suber. is a key factor in the decline of trees in dehesa woodlands. Plant volatiles are important in plant-insect interactions, but the host-plant selection mechanism used by C. welensii remains unknown. We studied the short-term variations in physiological performance in Q. suber trees highly visited by C. welensii, as well as some morphological features. We hypothesized that physiological adaptation by Q. suber to cope with stress conditions could influence monoterpene emission patterns, thereby affecting intra-specific host-selection cues used by C. welensii. Altogether 36 Q. suber trees (18 with high presence of adults of C. welensii and 18 without presence of this cerambycid species) were studied for physiological performance (photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and transpiration), as well as perimeter and crown silhouette área, during a period prior to and including the start time of C. welensii flight activity (19:00–21:20 h). The trees with presence of C. welensii trended to exhibit higher (1.5–2.15 times) photosynthetic values from 19:35 to 20:45, as well as larger perimeter than trees without C. welensii. The results suggest that both some morphological features (in a direct way, via visual cues) as well as short-term physiological adjustments under environmental stress (in a indirect way, by its effect in the monoterpene emission pattern), could affect intra-specific host selection by C. welensii.

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