Integrated biochronology of the pliocene deposits of the Estepona basin (Málaga, S Spain). Palaeobiogeographic and palaeoceanographic implications

  1. Aguirre, Julio 1
  2. Cachão, Mario
  3. Domènech, Rosa 2
  4. Lozano-Francisco, M.ª Carmen 3
  5. Martinell, Jordi 2
  6. Mayoral, Eduardo 4
  7. Santos, Ana 5
  8. Vera-Peláez, José Luis 3
  9. da Silva, Carlo M 6
  1. 1 Dpartamento de Estratigrafía y Paleontología. Facultad de Ciencias. Fuentenueva s/n Universidad de Granada. 18071 Granada (Spain). 
  2. 2 Dpto. Estratigrafia, Paleontologia i Geociènces Marines. Facultat de Geologia. Universitat de Barcelona. Martí y Franqués s/n. 08028 Barcelona (Spain).
  3. 3 Museo Municipal de Estepona (Sección de Paleontología). Matías Prats s/n, Plaza de Toros, 29680 Estepona, Málaga (Spain).
  4. 4 Dpto. Geodinámica y Paleontología. Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales. Unversidad de Huelva. 21071 Huelva (Spain
  5. 5 Centro de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental, Faculdade de Ciências do Mar e do Ambiente, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas.8000-117 Faro (Portugal).
  6. 6 Dep. Geologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Univ. Lisboa, Edifício C6, 4º Piso, sala 55. 1749-016 Lisboa (Portugal). 
Spanish journal of palaeontology

Year of publication: 2005


Volume: 20

Issue: 2

Pages: 225-244

Type: Article

DOI: 10.7203/SJP.20.2.20559 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor


In the Estepona basin (Málaga, S Spain), the richest and the most diverse Pliocene sites of marine invertebrates (mostly molluscs) of the Mediterranean are found. Most of the species described up until now (~95% out of 892 identified species) occur at the Parque Antena and the Velerín Area (Velerín, Velerín-Carretera and Velerín-Antena) sites. Although molluscs are very well known, the age of these important sites is still controversial. In this paper, a biochronological study of these sites based on an integrated study of the microfossil (calcareous nannoplankton and planktonic foraminifers) and macrofossil (molluscs) assemblages is presented. The Parque Antena and Velerín-Carretera sites can be attributed to the late Zanclean (uppermost part of the early Pliocene) based on the presence of Globorotalia margaritae, Gr. puncticulata and Gr. group crassaformis (including Gr. crassaformis s.s.). Nannoplankton assemblages agree with this age, and can be attributed to the CN11b biozone of Okada & Bukry (1980) due to the presence of small Gephyrocapsa, Sphenolithus abies and Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilica. At the Velerín-Antena section, the bioindicators of the early Pliocene Gr. margaritae, Sphenolithus abies and Reticulofenestra pseudoumbilica are absent. The molluscs found in the studied sites correlate with the Mediterranean Pliocene Molluscan Unit 1 of Raffi & Monegatti (1993) (MPMU1). Finally, the coexistence of Gr. margaritae and Gr. group crassaformis in the Mediterranean domain is described for the first time.