Resiliencia y umbrales de vulnerabilidad de la vegetación en dos territorios ibéricos de alta diversidad biológica y fisiográficaDoñana y Sierra Nevada

  1. Manzano Rodríguez, Saúl 1
  2. Carrión García, José S 1
  3. Munuera Giner, Manuel 1
  4. González-Sampériz, Penélope 2
  5. Fernández Jiménez, Santiago 1
  6. Jiménez-Moreno, Gonzalo 3
  7. Anderson, R. Scott 4
  8. Ramos-Román, María José 3
  9. Camuera-Bidaurreta, Jon 3
  10. Jiménez-Espejo, Francisco 5
  11. García-Murillo, Pablo 6
  12. Martínez-Ruiz, Francisca 3
  13. Fierro Enrique, Elena 1
  14. Pardos Gené, Meritxell 3
  15. Rodríguez-Vidal, Joaquín 7
  16. Ruiz-Muñoz, Francisco 7
  17. Cáceres Puro, Luis Miguel 7
  18. Abad de los Santos, Manuel 8
  1. 1 Universidad de Murcia

    Universidad de Murcia

    Murcia, España


  2. 2 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

    Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas

    Madrid, España


  3. 3 Universidad de Granada

    Universidad de Granada

    Granada, España


  4. 4 Northern Arizona University

    Northern Arizona University

    Flagstaff, Estados Unidos


  5. 5 Institute of Biogeosciences. Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
  6. 6 Universidad de Sevilla

    Universidad de Sevilla

    Sevilla, España


  7. 7 Universidad de Huelva

    Universidad de Huelva

    Huelva, España


  8. 8 Universidad de Atacama, Copiapó-Chile
Proyectos de investigación en parques nacionales: 2011-2014

Publisher: Organismo Autónomo de Parques Nacionales ; Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino

ISBN: 978-84-8014-898-6

Year of publication: 2016

Pages: 157-175

Type: Book chapter


This paper summarizes the preliminary results derived from the OAPN project Vegetation resilienceand vulnerability in two highly diverse Iberian enclaves: Doñana and Sierra Nevada (261/2011 OAPN). Farfrom being randomly chosen, these contrasting geographical settings were selected due to their potential to serve as models for the study of vegetation dynamics. Their important positions withinIberia, their uniqueness, ecological diversity and complexity makes them especially interesting ascritical locations for monitoring of environmental change. Patterns and processes related to resilienceand vegetation response to recurrent perturbation regimes once explored in these systems can beextrapolated to analogous systems and thus contribute to the improvement of conservation practicesand policies. Our results complete the chronological frame for the sedimentary record of Doñana and Sierra NevadaNational Parks. The taxonomical resolution of the fossil assemblages has been significantly improved,achieving a detailed record of fossil floras, especially in Doñana NP.Our results reconstruct the environmental history of Doñana NP and support the indigenous distribution of stone pine (Pinus pinea) and the past presence of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), cluster pine (Pinuspinaster), waltnut (Juglans) and sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa) in SW Iberia. Although present in thefossil assemblages, the occurrence of cedar (Cedrus) remains unresolved. In Sierra Nevada, the fossilassemblages evidence a transition from a humid and warm phase during the early Holocene towardsa colder, arid phase that intertwines with anthropic activity in the explanation of the current vegetationlandscapes of this southern mountain range.