Crisis pandémica y escudos protectores en Europa y España

  1. Juan A. Márquez Domínguez 1
  2. Ángel Luis Cepas Díaz 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Huelva

    Universidad de Huelva

    Huelva, España


Gobernanza, comunidades sostenibles y espacios portuarios
  1. Juan Antonio Márquez Domínguez (dir.)
  2. Mario Pineda Falconett (dir.)
  3. José Manuel Jurado Almonte (coord.)
  4. Olmedo García Chavarría (coord.)

Publisher: Asociación de Geográfos Españoles

ISBN: 978-84-126292-0-0

Year of publication: 2023

Pages: 537-566

Type: Book chapter


In Spain, in the confinement caused by Covid19, the health, food, surveillance and closure of municipal borders problems were raised by the Central State, but largely resolved by the municipalities. As in almost the entire world, local governments, the closest administration and closest to the citizens, assumed responsibilities for survival. The provision of services, the management of resources and public spaces, food relief, aid for economic losses, and the organization of citizen mobility have had a strong ally in local powers, helping the most vulnerable people. The idea of health is becoming more holistic. Stress, pollution, polluting industries... and fast food in cities take their toll on the human body. On the contrary, the rural world could allow a sustainable life to produce healthy food and conserve biodiversity. “The interest in the rural world is one of the unexpected consequences of the coronavirus, a pandemic with an eminently urban postal code and from which there are already those who are considering fleeing” (El Periódico 2020). The need for rapid action has shown the energy of the local spheres, reactivating local development structures, be they councils, development agencies or local development agents or groups. All over the world, places have been shelter protection and reference sites for survival. Thus, the local returns to its dimensions because, in places, life acquires a unique relevance. Men, companies, institutions, social, legal and cultural forms and production systems have been built as adaptation strategies to their geographical environment. “The local order founds the scale of the everyday and its parameters are presence, neighborhood, intimacy, emotion, cooperation and socialization based on contiguity”. (Milton Santos, 1996; p. 156). In this context, the local must be reviewed in its subordination to the global. It cannot be considered as passive, but rather as resistance and revolution (Márquez, J.A. and Llamas, J.L. 2019) in the face of a perverse globalization that increased inequalities, facilitated international tax evasion, promoted capital migration and attacked the planet.