The Effect of Social Capital in the Intimate Partner Violence in Adolescents from an Intersectionality Perspective

  1. G. Abiétar, Daniel
  2. Sánchez Martínez, Francesca
  3. Juárez, Olga
  4. Trujillo Alemán, Sara
  5. Forcadell, Lluís
  6. Vives Cases, Carmen
  7. Sanz Barbero, Belén
  8. Pérez Martínez, Vanesa
  9. Davó Blanes, María del Carmen
  10. López, María José
  11. Pérez, Glòria
Journal of Feminist, Gender and Women Studies

ISSN: 2444-1198

Year of publication: 2023

Issue: 14

Pages: 16-38

Type: Article

DOI: 10.15366/JFGWS2023.14.002 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Journal of Feminist, Gender and Women Studies


Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a complex social phenomenon widely studied. However, few of these studies consider social capital and intersectionality. Our aim was to describe the effect of social capital in IPV victimisation among secondary students, considering three factors of intersectionality (sex assigned at birth, sexual orientation and migration background) in two cities of Spain in 2019-2020. Methods: We analysed a cross-sectional sample of 640 ever-partnered adolescents aged 13–16 years who had taken part in a programme for positive relationship. The main outcome was lifetime IPV (control, fear, physical or sexual violence). Individual and relational variables (bonding social capital) were used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) from multivariate Robust Poisson regression models stratified by sex assigned at birth, sexual orientation and migration background (factors of intersectionality). Results: The highest IPV prevalence (56.25%) was found in lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB) adolescents without social activity. LGB orientation was significantly associated with IPV victimisation in adolescents with low-income country (LIC) backgrounds (aPR: 1.93) and in girls (1.53). Finally, a LIC background was a significant determinant of IPV in boys (aPR: 1.76) and in students independently of sexual orientation. Higher social activity showed a protective effect for students with HIC backgrounds and LGB-sexual orientations. A possible protective effect of social support in HIC backgrounds and regardless of sex and sexual orientation must be considered. Conclusions: Social activity is unequally associated with less lifetime IPV. The strong association of migration background and sexual orientation with IPV reinforces the approach to its prevention in adolescents from an intersectionality perspective.

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