Eficiencia de los sistemas sanitarios de los países de la unión europealos estilos de vida

  1. María Gómez Gallego 1
  2. María Concepción Pérez Cárceles 1
  3. Juan Cándido Gallego Gómez 1
  4. Javier Fernando García García 1
  1. 1 Universidad Católica San Antonio

    Universidad Católica San Antonio

    Murcia, España

    ROR https://ror.org/05b1rsv17

Anales de Economía Aplicada 2018: economía del transporte y logística portuaria
  1. Juan José García del Hoyo (coord.)

Publisher: Universidad de Huelva

ISBN: 978-84-18280-49-8

Year of publication: 2020

Pages: 1057-1069

Type: Book chapter


The present study analyzes the relationship among the technical efficiency of European health systems andthe lifestyles of the population of each country, in terms of eating habits, physical activity and tobaccoconsumption. The study extends to the Member States of the EU-28. The data come from the Eurostat onlinedatabase and correspond to the years 2013, 2014 and 2015. Data Envelopment Analysis, DEA-bootstrap,cluster analysis, local frontiers, metafrontier and Malmquist index are calculated between 2013 and 2015.Lifestyle analysis showed that, on average, higher efficiency in health systems was associated with lifestylescharacterized by healthier habits. The clustering of the group of countries according to lifestyle implied achange in the health production function, but it did not greatly alter the comparative efficiency of thecountries. The longitudinal study evaluates the technological and efficiency changes between 2013 and2015 and contrasts the stability of the conclusions in the period.Finally, strategies to achieve changes in the lifestyle of countries are suggested to determine efficiencyimprovements in health systems managements.